Frequently Asked Questions
Climate Insights has been developed by the most experienced private sector climate modelling and risk assessment team in the world.
We work directly with enormous raw climate projection data and assess every model and data source before its application.
You can talk directly with the Climate Insights team and thus get clear, precise and experienced answers to any technical questions you may have.
The team that developed Climate Insights has applied climate model data they processed and analysed in hundreds of projects around the world – many with and for trusted, returning corporate entities, insurance companies, banks, federal governments, local governments, international financial institutions (Asian Development Bank, World Bank) UN agencies, engineering companies, management consulting firms, universities, and individuals. The experience we have gained over nearly 20 years is unparalleled. Experience counts and accessible expertise is critical.
The team at Climate Insights has worked with CMIP 1 and 2, CMIP3, and CMIP5 and is currently working with CMIP6 data. We know what data is available and what will become available and what limitations exist and what opportunities can be realised. We adhere to ethical standards in the climate data knowledge generation and will always be transparent and will thoroughly document all the data and methods applied.
The team that is responsible for managing the Climate Insights platform has many relationships with key international institutions. A critical link is membership on a five-member Board representing New Zealand in the ISO TC207 that includes over a dozen standards being written in the adaptation and GHG accounting area. The engagement with the international ISO community means that Climate Insights will continue to evolve with such international standards in mind. Scientists that work on Climate Insights are also registered under the Nairobi Work Programme of the UN. After one year of peer review CLIMsystems was awarded a seven-year position on the New Zealand Ministry of the Environments climate change science panel. We also maintain a membership with CTCN (Climate Technology Centre & Network) administered by the UN Environment Programme. We also are members of the Climate and Development Knowledge Network. The team has also won numerous awards including a Special Achievement Award in GIS with ESRI stemming from our work in making climate information accessible to the world. With over twenty years of experience we have developed extensive networks with experts around the world that form a strong, vibrant and collaborative community.
Two forms of risk are currently covered by Climate Insights. Firstly, physical risk is presented through the provision of baseline and climate change actual values for each location. Future climate model-derived values can also be generated as ‘change from baseline’ values. The latter is critical for assessing acute climate risk in contrast to slow-onset changes. Therefore, the platform is excellent for assessing physical risks for TCFD and other project-based assessments.
Secondly, the platform, based on physical risk options , has a seamless link with a tool for completing risk scores and risk rankings for assets in a portfolio. To our knowledge, no other platforms are available to provide access to climate change model values with risk scoring and ranking. Partnerships with transition risk teams and financial risk products are well advanced and will be announced shortly. When required, such tools will be driven by the superior climate data outputs generated by Climate Insights.
Climate Insights includes atmospheric, land and ocean variables and is the most comprehensive source of actionable and defensible climate information for decision making on the planet.
Seventy-four variables are included and have been chosen through over twenty years of client engagement in conducting world-class physical risk assessments. New variables are generated through project work and to satisfy client demand. The currently available variables are broken down by group below:
|Monthly Precipitation||Monthly Solar Radiation|
|Monthly Minimum Temperature||Monthly Relative Humidity|
|Monthly Mean Temperature||Monthly Wind|
|Monthly Maximum Temperature|
Precipitation and Drought
|Extreme Precipitation (24 hour)||One-month Standardised Precipitation Index (SPI)|
|Extreme Precipitation (48 hour)||Three-month Standardised Precipitation Index (SPI)|
|Extreme Precipitation (72 hour)||Six-month Standardised Precipitation Index (SPI)|
|Keetch Byram Drought Index||12-month Standardised Precipitation Index (SPI)|
|One-month Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI)||Six-month Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI)|
|Three-month Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI)||12-month Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI)|
Temperature and Wind
|Heat Index Caution Days||Extreme Wind speed|
|Heat Index Extreme Caution Days||Days for TX90p when TX > 90th percentile|
|Heat Index Danger Days||Days for TN90p when TN > 90th percentile|
|Heat Index Extreme Danger Days||Days for TX10p when TX < 10th percentile|
|Normal Effective Temperature||Days for TN10p when TN < 10th percentile|
|Wind Chill Temperature||Warm Spell Duration Index|
|Apparent Temperature||Cold Spell Duration Index|
|Yearly Cooling Degree Days||Modified Discomfort Index|
|Yearly Heating Degree Days||Yearly Growing Degree Days|
|Heat Wave Days||Yearly Number of Maximum Temperature days > 35.0°C|
|Heat Wave Frequency||Humidex|
|Modified Discomfort Index||Normal Effective Temperature|
Fire, Flood and Sea-Level Rise
|Forest Fire Danger Index||Coastal Mean Sea Level Rise with Vertical Land Movement|
|Riverine Flood||Coastal Extreme Still High Water-Level (potential storm surge): includes sea level rise and vertical land movement|
Soil, Snow and Cattle
|Net Primary Production||Monthly Soil Moisture at 0cm to 10cm|
|Monthly Soil Temperature at 0cm to 10cm||Monthly Soil Moisture at 10cm to 40cm|
|Monthly Soil Temperature at 10cm to 40cm||Monthly Soil Moisture at 40cm to 100cm|
|Monthly Soil Temperature at 40cm to 100cm||Monthly Soil Moisture at 100cm to 200cm|
|Monthly Soil Temperature at 100cm to 200cm||Snow Depth|
|Temperature Humidity Index for Cattle||Temperature Humidity Index for Comfort (Cattle)|
|Temperature Humidity Index for Physiology (Cattle)|
|Dissolved Iron Concentration at Surface||Dissolved Phosphate Concentration at Surface|
|Total Alkalinity at Surface||pH at Surface|
|Net primary productivity of carbon by phytoplankton||Dissolved Oxygen Concentration at Surface|
|Dissolved Silicate Concentration at Surface||Dissolved Nitrate Concentration at Surface|
|Sea Surface Temperature||Coastal Extreme Still High Water-Level|
|Sea Water Temperature (0 to 1500 meters)||Marine Heat Wave Days|
|Marine Heat Wave Frequency|
As a world-leading supplier of actionable climate information, we have a range of output options available in the Climate Insights platform.
Each analysis is customisable for the range of RCPs: 2.6, 4.5, 6.0 and 8.5. The time slices start from a baseline reference year of 1995 with five-year increments to 2100. Critically, Climate Insights offers the option of generating 5th, 50th and 95th percentile outputs from the super ensembles of GCM and RCM projection, which provides users with an excellent opportunity to discover the uncertainty range in climate variable outputs. For extremes such as rainfall and wind return period outputs (ARI- annual return interval) cover a range of time slices and are recognised as best-practice approaches to physical climate risk assessment. With Climate Insights such important analytical choices are at your fingertips.
Climate Insights provides a very user-friendly interface that allows you to import CSV format asset registers into the Platform and to create Project areas for storage of not only 1000s of assets but also the criteria you choose for analysis on a project-by-project basis. This is critical for saving not only time but also to guarantee a consistency in approach to physical risk assessments you may undertake. The Platform has been thoroughly audited for security and enterprise logins are available so that teams can work together and in a consistent manner.
Climate Insights offers multiple options for exporting results. Firstly, a default either graphical or tabular display is provided to allow you to query the results before choosing options for exporting. The raw physical risk data along with the relevant risk ranking and scoring data can be easily exported to Excel for further analysis. You can also export individual tables and graphs directly from the app. Furthermore, there is PDF and Word formatted reporting options. The experts at CLIMsystems can work with you to generate a highly customised reporting template for you or your enterprise.
Climate Insights’ development has been achieved through the excellent collaboration between climate modellers, and risk and adaptation experts with extensive experience gained through over 20 years of project work around the world. Quality data is at the heart of all our services. We focus on generating outputs that are robust, actionable, and defensible. Extensive experience means that we have learned what data is available, and appropriate for application to address very specific issues. That is how we are different from other groups generating climate information.
Climate Insights uses a tree structure to manage all spatial data and the global dataset is the root. Other datasets are trimmed into hierarchy branches depending on their spatially containing relationships, while the minimum spatial domain is the leaf of its parent branch. This kind of structure is a critical distinction. Take the country scale as an instance, when a client is using Climate Insights in the USA the data for extreme rainfall is Atlas 14 data, the national standard, that is applied in the USA. For baseline information we apply the USA baseline standard. Similarly, for Australia we apply Australian standards for baselines and use BOM data for extreme rainfall analysis. The bottom-line is this: we apply the best available data for the geographical site under interrogation. We also apply the latest GCM and RCM data available at the temporal scales of monthly, daily, and sub-daily for specific types of analysis.
We maintain the most thoroughly documented climate physical and risk ranking and scoring platform available. The accumulated knowledge of 20 years in the marketplace means we have learned some lessons and continue to strive to have the best and most up-to-date and well-documented data available.
Climate Insights strictly follows IPCC guidelines in data modelling and application. For any specific climate risk analysis, we always adopt peer-reviewed methods. All algorithms and data sets used in modelling are thoroughly documented and traceable. Again, the vast experience our experts have gained over the years means that what is available in Climate Insights is thoroughly tested and has been extensively peer-reviewed, not only by our Scientific Advisory Panel but through external professional reviews.
Climate Insights breadth and depth of knowledge has benefitted from decades of consulting experience. Said with no exaggeration, many tools and processes in Climate Insights have stemmed from consulting projects tasked with shedding light on distinctive problem from around the world. Our team continues to provide consulting services for a wide range of world-class companies. The work has been applied and has influenced the timing of global events (FIFA World Cup 2022) and infrastructure projects valued at over USD 1 billion dollars. Our team has worked in some of the most critical climate zones such as Southern Florida where our consulting experience has been praised for its quality and useability in setting policy and standards for flood assessments. We welcome the opportunity to work with you and to bring our pool of highly qualified partners together to solve whatever climate-related problem you face.
We can cost access to Climate Insights for single asset risk assessments to tens of thousands of assets. We can license access on an annual basis or to whatever length of time you require to satisfy your needs.